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The 9th Step and the 9th Step Promises

Step 9 – The 9th Step Promises and Making Amends

Step 9: Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.

-Step 9 AA

The 9th step is the culmination of the inventory we have made of our flaws. In the throes of our addiction, we may have committed a litany of moral and ethically indefensible actions. We have stolen, cheated, lied, betrayed, assaulted, or abused others. By the time we reach this step, we should be able to identify, recognize, and take responsibility for these actions.

With the realization of how deeply we have hurt others through our addiction, we understand that amends must be made. In this step, we attempt to remove some of the debris created in the past through our actions.

We complete the step when we have “made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.” The book Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions tells us that we are ready to work this step when we have attained: “the readiness to take the full consequences of our past acts, and to take responsibility for the well-being of others at the same time, is the very spirit of Step Nine.”

For many recovering addicts, this is the most difficult step to accomplish. In working most steps, we work with ourselves and our reliable partners: our Higher Power, sponsor, and group. The 9th step brings in many unpredictable people. Some of whom we have seriously harmed. It is perfectly understandable to be apprehensive and anxious about their response Maybe they hate us? Maybe they want revenge?

As recovering addicts, we fear the loss of control we experienced in our darkest days. This step is accompanied by the terrible realization that we have no control over the response of the people we have harmed. We will likely have wonderful experiences and very difficult ones.

However, we must proceed for two reasons. First, this is not about us. At least not fully. It is about other people. It is about the people we have hurt in the past. However, it is equally designed for the people in your life now and in the future. By facing the consequences of our previous actions, we become more aware of the terrible cost of our behavior. This will make us less likely to take equally destructive actions in the future. Working the steps has likely made you a less selfish and self-centered individual. This step will reinforce that trend significantly.

Second, this will make you feel a lot better than you realize. As addicts, we walk around with a tremendous amount of shame and guilt regarding our actions. As a result, we think of ourselves as flawed and immoral people. We feel like we are unable to be happy and do not deserve happiness anyway. The self-flagellation involved makes us more likely to relapse than anything else.

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Making Amends

You may be reading this and wondering: ok, but how do you make amends in practice? What does it look like?

There are three general forms amends may take:

Direct Amends

This is probably what you have in mind when you think of making amends. It involves direct contact with the individual you have harmed. This can occur in person, by phone, email, or any other form of communication.

Indirect Amends

Sometimes we cannot or should not contact the individual we have harmed. Or perhaps we have done irreparable damage and need to supplement our direct amends. In those cases, we may make amends through charitable donations, volunteering, and helping others. Very commonly the cause helped is related in some way to the damage done.

Living Amends

By altering your lifestyle from one centered on serving yourself and your addiction to one of recovery and contributing to your community, you are making amends every day. This shows others, and more importantly yourself and your Higher Power, a commitment to doing good and avoiding destructive behavior in the future.

One problem an addict may run into is their desire to make amends for the wrong reasons. Sometimes we may be trying to contact the other person to impress them or manipulate them emotionally. Other times, we are angry at the individual for some perceived harm they have caused us. We may also want to offload our guilt, even when the person we wish to contact will not benefit from the process. What if they are not aware of what we did and the revelation will destabilize their lives?

For these reasons, we do not initiate the process of amends without significant input from our sponsors. It is their job to make sure we make amends in the right way and for the right reasons. This is a very sensitive process, and we need help to make sure we don’t hurt ourselves and others.

The 9th Step Promises

In the Big Book of AA, on pages 83 and 84 to be exact, there is a text on the expected results of working step 9 fully and completely. It shows the way in a very real sense, this step is one of the most important ones.

The text focuses on the process by which step 9 helps us evolve from selfish to more altruistic individuals. The promises explain that “We will lose interest in selfish things and gain interest in our fellows. Self-seeking will slip away.” By following a path of helping others, we will find that “That feeling of uselessness and self-pity will disappear.” In the process, our outlook on life will change and we will find ourselves happier and more capable of dealing with situations we were unable to overcome in the past.

This is quite a promise. Will working one step, difficult as it may be, actually deliver these results? The founders of AA have an answer for the skeptics: “Are these unrealistic promises? We think not. They are being fulfilled among us sometimes quickly, sometimes slowly. They will materialize if we work for them.” This is a very powerful step with the ability to significantly transform your life.

Remember that the 9th step is not over when you have gone through your list. It is a lifelong project. It involves remembering amends you forgot to make, making new wrongs right (this is what the next step is all about). This step involves a life-long commitment to make yourself a better person.

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